Posted on December 15, 2018
New rules that apply from 1 July 2016 mean that small businesses can restructure their business operations without triggering adverse tax implications.
Before the introduction of the new restructuring rules, if a business restructured from say, a partnership to a trust, there was a possibility that the change in structure could trigger capital gains tax (CGT). That is, the tax law would treat the restructure the same way as a sale and the owners could be liable for CGT on their share of any gain based on the current market value of the assets being moved into the new structure.
While the existing CGT provisions already contain a number of roll-overs that can be utilised for business restructures, they generally only provide relief when assets are transferred to a company. Other concessions can potentially apply in a broad range of situations, but will not necessarily provide complete tax relief. This new form of roll-over relief can provide complete income tax relief when assets are transferred to a sole trader, partnership or trust if certain conditions can be met.
The conditions for accessing these new rules are fairly strict. Broadly, the key conditions are:
Each of the parties to the transaction is a small business entity (revenue under $2m) or is related to a small business entity in the year the transaction occurs. The turnover test is subject to some grouping rules.
For many small business owners, the business structure they start with is not always the best structure over time. There are a lot of reasons why a business owner might need to restructure:
Risk & asset protection – separating assets from business activities will generally help protect the assets. Companies and trust structures offer greater protection then operating as a sole trader or partnership of individuals.
Tax – Your business structure determines the tax rate you pay and how it is paid. In addition, some structures offer greater tax concessions throughout the life of the business (e.g., for research and development activities) or on the sale of assets.
If you are looking at changing your business structure, there are a few overarching principles you should think about:
- Keep it simple – Your structure should be as simple as possible and each entity should have a clear reason to exist. The more complex your structure the more expensive it becomes and the more likely that the Tax Office will start querying whether the entity exists for commercial or tax reasons. If reducing tax is the primary reason for structuring something in a particular way then the Tax Office can seek to remove the tax benefits the structure might provide.
- Think of the future – Your structure should facilitate future growth and should allow for flexibility.
- Start with the end in mind – You should be aware of your exit strategies from the business. Your structure can make a difference to how you are taxed and what concessions you can access when you eventually exit.
- The commercial considerations – different structures have different implications for how you run and manage your business. You need to be clear about the commercial reasons for adopting one structure over another.
- Separate business activities from valuable assets – Where possible, ensure that valuable passive, business, or private assets are not subject to the risks associated with your business activities.
- Protect retained profits – In some groups the use of a dormant holding company can help protect retained profits that have been generated by trading entities. The holding company can then operate as the banker for the group of entities, lending funds to operating entities as required (security could be taken over assets of the operating entity).
- Separate risk between individuals – Within a family group, consider providing some additional asset protection by ensuring that only one spouse is a director of an operating company.
- Corporate trustees for a trust – The use of a corporate trustee is generally prudent to protect from the risk of being personally liable for the debts of the trust.
Posted on December 15, 2018
Many business owners wish that they had correctly structured their business assets from day one, and not put all their eggs in the same basket just because this has been an easy option to finance the business acquisition or to achieve simplicity and reduce initial costs.
Transferring assets to fix inappropriate structuring choices or gain asset protection at a later stage of the business life can be a complex and costly process resulting in significant tax liabilities.
If you have a business asset that you wish to take out of a trading entity, we have some good news for you.
A few days ago the Government introduced a Bill to give effect to its 2015 Budget promise of a small business rollover. The measure is to apply from 1 July 2016 and will allow a small business entity, and certain entities connected to a small business entity, to rollover an active asset to another entity structure.
Small business entities will have the opportunity and ability to take an active business asset owned by a trading entity out of that entity without triggering tax. For example, the rollover will allow a company that owns a plant and the building it operates from, to move that plant or the building (or both) out of the company and into a family trust without triggering capital gains tax or income tax.
A small business entity is broadly an entity that, together with entities related to it, has a turnover of less than $2 million.
An active asset is broadly an asset that is used in a business being carried on by the entity that owns the asset, or an entity that is connected with it. For example, goodwill of a business is likely to be an active asset of the business owner, and if an entity owns a property from which it conducts its business, then the property is likely also to be an active asset.
Don’t get excited yet. The new measure comes with eligibility criteria and contains rules designed to prevent taxpayers from using the rollover simply to get a tax benefit.
The anti-avoidance part of the measure requires that the restructure be part of a ‘genuine’ restructure. A restructure will be a ‘genuine’ and not solely tax-driven restructure if you can meet certain “safe harbor” criteria in relation to assets you transfer that are ‘significant’. The safe harbour applies if for three years after the assets are transferred:
there is no change in the underlying economic ownership of any of the significant assets (with an exception for trading stock),
the significant assets transferred continue to be active assets, and
there is no material or significant private use of the significant assets transferred.
Bear in mind that restructuring a small business entity can still result in potential State and Territory Duty.
The new measure will provide great opportunities to small businesses and will be welcomed by the business owners.
Written by Venetta Sacha
Posted on December 15, 2018
Our clients continue to ask us about the operation of the new tax law applicable to small businesses in relation to immediate tax deduction of assets under $20,000.
We have provided below some practical examples that will help you understand the rules.
If I bought a motor vehicle for $22,000 GST inclusive on 30 November 2015 and my business is GST registered, would this asset qualify for the immediate deduction?
No, this asset would not qualify for the immediate deduction. Why? If the company is a small business entity and GST registered, the motor vehicle cost for depreciation purpose is $20,000. The instant asset write-off threshold is less than $20,000. Assets that cost $20,000 or more are deducted over time using the general small business pool. Depreciation rate is 15% for the first year and 30% for the following years.
If you could negotiate to reduce the purchase price just by $2 to $21,998 GST inclusive, you would be able to claim the deduction of the entire cost immediately as the asset cost will be $19,998, provided that you are a small business entity (see explanation below)
Eligible small business…
is any individual, partnership, company or trust that does both of the following:
- Operates a business for all or part of the income year
- has less than $2 million aggregated turnover
If my business is not GST registered, would the instant asset write-off threshold apply to the GST exclusive amount or the GST inclusive amount?
GST inclusive amount.
If an asset was purchased for $18,000 incl GST between 12 May 15 to 30 June 17, the immediate deduction would be $18,000.
If an asset was purchased for $30,000 incl GST between 12 May 15 to 30 June 17, immediate deduction is not available and the asset will be added to the general small business pool for depreciation purpose.
XYZ Trust is a small business entity and has a small business general pool balance of $16,000 at the start of the financial year (e.g 01/07/2014). Is there any special asset write off in this case?
Yes and No. The same threshold (below $20,000) applies to small business general pool.
Yes – If during the financial year the total assets added to the general pool were less than $4,000, the entire pool balance can be deducted in the same financial year. The increased threshold of $20,000 will apply for the 2015, 2016 and 2017 tax years.
No – If during the financial year, the total assets added to the general pool were $4,000 or more, the entire pool balance will be limited to the relevant depreciation percentage for new (15%) or older (30%) assets within that pool for the tax year.
Does the instant asset write off threshold of $20,000 apply to one asset or a group of asset?
Do you have any questions? Please contact us to find out more.
Written by Fiona Leung
Posted on December 15, 2018
Are you a small business owner employing staff, operating in NSW and not paying payroll tax?
Are you considering employing additional workers this financial year?
If so, the NSW Government has an incentive for you!
The new Small Business Grant is a key priority of the New South Wales Government. The grant applies from 1 July 2015 and is designed to encourage the nearly 650,000 small businesses in New South Wales that do not pay payroll tax to hire new employees and expand their business.
To be eligible for the grant your business must:
- Have an active ABN
- Not have a payroll tax liability during the 12 month employment period of a new person as at 30 June of the financial year.
A business will receive the grant if all of the conditions below are met:
- A person is employed in a position that is a new job;
- The employment commences on or after 1 July 2015 and before 1 July 2019;
- The employment is maintained for a period of 12 months;
- Your number of full-time equivalent (FTE) employees, prior to creating a new position must increase and be maintained over a 12 month period;
- The services of the employee are performed wholly or mainly in NSW.
The grant is a one off payment per new position and is paid when a claim is made on the 12 month anniversary of when the position was created.
For full time employees, the grant amount is $2,000.
Do you want to find out if you are eligible to receive the grant? We are only a phone call away!
Posted on December 15, 2018
Our continuous professional development is a key focus of the team and management at HCG.
As part of our training program we subscribe to the NTAA Tax on The Couch which is a lively review of tax changes during the month.
Here is what we learned this month:
Small Business Benchmark
The ATO has recently updated its small business benchmarks. The benchmarks are designed to:
help business owners to work out how their business performance compares to other businesses in the same industry;
help business owners to estimate their turnover based on the labour and materials used and check whether the records accurately reflect their income;
identify businesses that may be competing unfairly by avoiding their tax obligations by not reporting some or all of their income. If these businesses are audited and there is not enough evidence to support their returns, benchmarks can be used to determine income that hasn’t been reported.
As tax agents, we use these benchmarks as a tool to help you improve your business bottom line and check your business health before lodging your activity statements or tax return.
SuperStream Contribution Standards
From 1 July 2015, small employers with 19 or fewer employees will need to start making contributions using SuperStream. Full compliance will be in force from 1 July 2016. Employers can meet Super Stream by either using a software solution that conforms to super stream or a service provider who can arrange SuperStream compliance on their behalf.
Employee with SMSF needs to provide Fund’s ABN, Bank Account Details, Electronic Service Address and Employee TFN to their employer to meet the SuperStream requirement. If the information is not provided, the employee will be deemed as not having provided sufficient details for the choice fund to be accepted and the employer may redirect their contributions to the employer’s default fund.
The failure to comply may result in an administrative penalty imposed on the trustee of an SMSF or an employer, and ATO is also able to give trustees and employer a direction requiring them to address a contravention of the standard or take action to avoid contravening the standard.
You can find more details by visiting the website below or wait for our detailed letter with instructions:
Wait for our next month’s Tax on The Couch series update!